Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may consult with numerous garments, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving versions of fashion and content.

The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][6] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Organization rule in India.[7][8]

The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a style in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually probable that we English took the habit similar to a very good numerous Many others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Utilized in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty many years back, muske pidzame in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is due to White Ants."[10]


Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket aspect generally contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys are often offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.

Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.

Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in type which include brief sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[16] or, from time to time, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Typically worn by little ones, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and can also be footed.

Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they may have sometimes integrated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of muske pidzame shorter costume top over shorts or brief pants.[18]

Pajamas might right now consult with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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